Indonesian government often claims that the ability of Indonesian economy to grow positively during the recent crises in the US and European Union is a success indicator of the country’s economic development. Amidst the global financial crisis, Indonesia, along with China dan India, maintained positive economic performance while developed countries brought to near collapse. In 2009, China accounted as country with the highest economic growth, 8.7 percent, followed by India with 7.2 percent and Indonesia 4.5 percent. Indonesian economic growth was 6.1 percent in 2010 and 6.5 percent in 2011. Asian Development Bank (ADB) predicted that Indonesian economic growth would be in the level of 6.4 percent in 2012.
 
According to the government data, the relatively impressive economic growth performance also has been accompanied by the decreasing of poverty rate in Indonesian society. According to the government data, in March 2011 the quantity of the poor (those with a monthly percapita expense in amount of below poverty line) amounted to 30.02 million (12.49 percent), declining around 1 million (0.84 percent) from 31.2 million (13.3 percent) in March 2010. In September 2011, the government estemated that the quantity of people which live below poverty line amounted to 29.89 million (12.36 percent). Table I shows that in the last five year the poverty rate has been continually declining, from 39.30 million ( 16.66 percent) in 2006 into 37.17 million (16.58 percent) in 2007, 34.96 million (15.42 percent) in 2008, 32.5 million (14.15 percent) in 2009, 31.02 million (13.35 percent) in 2010 and 30.02 million (12.49 percent) in 2011.
 
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Network of East Asian Think-Tanks

The Network of East Asian Think-tanks

     
Officially recognized at the “10+3" summit meeting, Network of East Asian Think-tanks (NEAT) is a mechanism for research and academic exchange, and a platform for the second-track diplomacy in the regional cooperation among “10+3" countries in East Asia. It aims at integrating the research resources in East Asia, promoting the academic exchanges and providing intellectual support for East Asian cooperation. To be more specific, by establishing a network among East Asian think-tanks, governments and enterprises and promoting the interaction of these three circles, it intends to study the key issues related to East Asian cooperation, work out strategic ideas and concrete policy suggestions for the regional integration and submit research reports to the “10+3" summit meeting.
 
In 2002, East Asian Studies Group (EASG), the second-track in the mechanism of East Asian cooperation, suggested 17 short-term measures to be taken for closer cooperation among East Asian nations, among which was establishing “Network of East Asian Think-tanks" (NEAT) within the framework of “10+3" regional cooperation. The suggestion was adopted at the informal meeting of “10+3"leaders held in Phnom PenhCambodia in September 2002.
 
The activities of NEAT fall into the following categories: 1) Hold annual conferences of NEAT members to promote exchanges among East Asian think tanks and submit an annual work report to the informal meeting of “10+3" leaders on the basis of the research of the key issues in East Asian integration process; 2) Set up a website of NEAT, bridging the governments with the academic circles, promoting the academic exchanges among scholars about East Asia, and educating the masses in the region; 3) Hold irregular international seminars on East Asian cooperation so as to facilitate the theoretic research on the integration and community building of East Asia and help to shape the theoretic framework, strategies and specific policies conducive to the regional cooperation in East Asia. 4) Cooperate in the research of the key issues in regional cooperation and figure out the solutions.
 
The founding as well as the first annual conference of NEAT was held in Beijing from September 29 to 30, 2003. There were delegates from the think tanks of all the member states at the conference. The three topics discussed were “Towards East Asian Cooperation", Important Steps Leading to East Asian Cooperation" and “Key Areas in East Asia Cooperation". The conference report was not only published, but also distributed at the “10+3" leaders meeting in 2003.