NEAT Working Group on
Enhancement of Regional Health in East Asia with Special Reference to the Public Health and Universal Health Coverage
Draft Final Report
6th July 2016
In East Asia, as exemplified by the institutionalization of ASEAN+3 (APT) in 1997 and East Asia Summit (EAS) in 2005, regional cooperation and integration have advanced particularly in such areas as economy, finance, education, and disaster preparedness, etc. Worthy to note is the burgeoning economic interdependence deriving from establishment of an intra-regional supply chain in parallel with the rapid economic development. Under the circumstances, the question of how to maintain and promote health of the people or how to develop cooperation in healthcare appears to be an indispensable agenda for sustainable development in the region, let alone a common issue for humanity at large.
The international society has made efforts for health promotion including improvement of the health condition of pregnant women, prevention of such disease as HIV / AIDS and malaria, etc., as an integral development goal under the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established in 2000. The issue of healthcare has been on the agenda of the summit meetings among major countries, leading to the establishment of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. These efforts have resulted in many achievements, such as the significant decreases of such disease as malaria and tuberculosis as well as the mortality of pregnant women.
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