Indonesian government often claims that the ability of Indonesian economy to grow positively during the recent crises in the US and European Union is a success indicator of the country’s economic development. Amidst the global financial crisis, Indonesia, along with China dan India, maintained positive economic performance while developed countries brought to near collapse. In 2009, China accounted as country with the highest economic growth, 8.7 percent, followed by India with 7.2 percent and Indonesia 4.5 percent. Indonesian economic growth was 6.1 percent in 2010 and 6.5 percent in 2011. Asian Development Bank (ADB) predicted that Indonesian economic growth would be in the level of 6.4 percent in 2012.
According to the government data, the relatively impressive economic growth performance also has been accompanied by the decreasing of poverty rate in Indonesian society. According to the government data, in March 2011 the quantity of the poor (those with a monthly percapita expense in amount of below poverty line) amounted to 30.02 million (12.49 percent), declining around 1 million (0.84 percent) from 31.2 million (13.3 percent) in March 2010. In September 2011, the government estemated that the quantity of people which live below poverty line amounted to 29.89 million (12.36 percent). Table I shows that in the last five year the poverty rate has been continually declining, from 39.30 million ( 16.66 percent) in 2006 into 37.17 million (16.58 percent) in 2007, 34.96 million (15.42 percent) in 2008, 32.5 million (14.15 percent) in 2009, 31.02 million (13.35 percent) in 2010 and 30.02 million (12.49 percent) in 2011.
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